The fundamentals of truck and trailer grease application

With so many zerk fittings and lubrication factors on a truck and trailer it can be tempting to seek out a a person-size-fits-all grease. In many circumstances, grease consolidation is not only appropriate, it truly is a excellent notion and a income-saver. 

Nonetheless, when it comes to chemical composition of greases, applying the wrong just one in the mistaken spot can be harmful.

Greg Morris, Shell Lubricants’ Americas product or service application professional and staff guide for greases, famous it’s important to distinguish “moly” as molybdenum disulfide from organo-moly compounds. “When individuals discuss about moly, they are frequently referring to strong additives,” he reported, “not organo-moly, which is provided in formulations as a friction modifier and not as a sound general performance additive.”

Grease shade (crimson, tan, blue, etc.) has incredibly tiny to do with overall performance with just one exception: Black. Tom Gauerke, nationwide fleet account manager for Chevron Lubricants, stated the shade black normally signifies the presence of moly.

“Shade is not really indicative of the performances of the grease,” he mentioned. “Grease can be pink and have various overall performance properties – it could be a unique thickness, it could have a various base oil. Commonly black would suggest it has a strong lubricant in it this kind of as moly, and we are going to have moly greases that have 3% or 5%, and that moly is the reliable lubricant that offers you a small little bit further lubrication.”

Any ingredient on an on-freeway large-obligation vehicle can use a moly grease, but ExxonMobil Commercial Car or truck Lubricants Applications Engineer Paul Cigala pointed out that U-joint and automatic slack adjuster producers specify that molybdenum disulfide material will have to be 5% or considerably less so that interior gearing in slack adjusters and needle bearings in U-joints really do not bind up. 

Will need a tutorial on the fundamentals of grease?Verify out this week’s 10-44 webisode in the movie over.

“Fleets generally use a molybdenum disulfide containing grease in severe-obligation cycle applications in which the molybdenum disulfide bonds to the metallic surfaces to incorporate an extra don protection layer as the grease strategies the conclude of its helpful daily life,” he stated. “This can also support with extended re-greasing intervals.”

Gauerke added that misapplication of moly greases on a slack adjustor, for illustration, can have a negative influence on the factors because of to the inclusion of a reliable lubricant. 

“[A moly grease] might be great for a fifth wheel application, but you do not want to use moly in a slack adjustor,” he mentioned. “The slack adjustor, with the worm gears in there, a sound lubricant can trigger those worm gears to stick and induce your slack adjustor to are unsuccessful, which could effect braking or even [ a penalty] on a DOT inspection. When you have worm gears and different forms of sites that the stable lubricant could really bring about sticking are some programs where by you would not want moly greases.”

Moly – or molybdenum disulfide – is one particular of a team of efficiency additives classified as solids or solid general performance additives. Solids, Morris explained, are any of a team of functionality additives that are suspended in a lubricating grease as opposed to those efficiency additives that are soluble in the oil portion of the grease.

“By much, molybdenum disulfide and graphite are the most popular sound additives found in greases, and they are used in applications wherever you have sizeable sliding make contact with such as journal bearings (pins and bushings) or fifth wheels in fleets,” he stated. “Molybdenum disulfide particles are built up of laminar sheets that are held jointly by weak desirable forces that permit adjacent plates to slide extremely simply over each and every other when shear anxiety is applied, reducing friction and facilitating sliding movement in basic bearings. This laminar action is greatest visualized as pushing the best card in a deck and possessing it slide effortlessly relative to the rest of the deck. The ‘moly’ therefore cuts down friction and simply because it sits amongst the two mating surfaces and shields them even when there is very little or no lubricating oil present in the speak to spot.”

Greases that contains molybdenum disulfide should not be employed in applications that see excessive amounts of water ingress as the molybdenum disulfide can have a corrosive result of the steel surfaces, and is not suited for bearings and other elements that shift at a swift pace. 

Moly particles are strong additives that are generally much larger than the fluid film made by the foundation oil in a large-pace bearing, Morris noted. The greater the relative linear velocity, the reduce the viscosity needed to give an sufficient lubrication film. “Stable additives in individuals apps bridge the fluid hole and can result in place loading on the surfaces, raise tension and can direct to exhaustion and abrasive dress in,” he claimed. “In general, solids are not advised in rolling ingredient bearings at average to superior relative speeds, these as passenger car or truck and gentle truck wheel hubs, electrical motor bearings or industrial pillow block bearings. It is deemed when speeds are low and in which sliding contact is predominant.”

Want to find out more about grease? Examine out the video clip higher than. 

Moly or other solids can be included to most greases  Lithium complex greases, the most prevalent grease utilized by fleets and on-highway servicing companies, can be created with or with no molybdenum disulfide, and Cigala reported there are other thickener systems – like Polyureas and Calcium Sulfonates – which can be designed with or with out molybdenum disulfide as effectively.

“Every thickener engineering can offer the necessary characteristics like much better water washout homes, extreme pressure, for a longer time everyday living, and better remain in spot abilities,” he said. “OEMs endorse and fleets select greases based on the application demands.”

Experts, when re-greasing, really should be aware of reapplying the same style of grease, moly or otherwise. Most lithium complicated greases will come to be delicate when combined with an additional grease engineering, so fleets who service in-dwelling and on-freeway need to make guaranteed the similar grease engineering is applied in both situations.

“The NLGI grade is also an important portion in grease range. NLGI 2 greases are widely made use of throughout the fleet’s chassis and trailer greased factors,” Cigala stated. “The inclusion of molybdenum disulfide in a grease formulation is a compact section to the total closing grease that can give that added security above a grease technological innovation not making use of molybdenum disulfide by bonding to the metallic surfaces to incorporate an additional dress in security layer.”